Q.1. what is Land Zoning?
Ans. Land Zoning is the demarcation of geographic areas with specific combinations of properties or features used as per criteria only. The kind of features which are chosen and the interpretation of their different combinations depend on the purpose of the zoning exercise. The land zoning could be considered as one of the tools to help government in integrated planning and sustainable management of land resources of the country.
Q.2.Why Land Zoning is necessary?
Ans. Competition for diverse uses of land resources, the tremendous increase of population, natural and man-made hazards, economic opportunities and ecological hot spots call for distinctive and sustainable land management arrangement through the development of land use zoning in the country. The Government of Bangladesh realizes this need and formulates different policies, strategies and planning documents making special reference to different coastal issues and its integrated management.
Q.3. Who will implement this project?
The Ministry of Land will implement this programme through "National Land Zoning Project (2nd Phase)”.
Q.4. How many major areas have to identify through this study?
The following major areas have to be identified:
* Agricultural Zone
* Fisheries Zone
* Forest Zone
* Urban Zone
* Commercial and Industrial Zone
* Char Land and Ecologically Critical Area
* Haor-baor Areas
* Barind Zone
* Tourism and Historical Importance Areas
* Forest Zone
Q.5. What will be the outcomes of the study?
Q. 6. How many districts included in this project?
Ans. The national land zoning project will comprise 301 upazilas of 40 districts of the country except 19 coastal and 02 plain land districts which have been implemented under 1st phase of zoning project. The three hill districts are not considered under this project. The project area is 82,847 sq.km.
Q.7. How does the principle of equal protection apply to land zoning?
Ans. The principle of equal protection claims assert that a land use classification or decision should not treat one parcel, or a few parcels of land, differently than similarly situated parcel(s) with no apparent justification for treating them differently.
Q.8. What is the purpose of the Land Zoning Law?
Ans. The purpose of the Zoning Law is the enforcement of the land zoning done. Thus the law would also depend on how a parcel or parcels of land is categorized in the zoning map as, say for example, permitted, conditional or accessory etc. uses for a particular zone labeled with specific typology. It is presumed that the law would have to follow even the Zoning codes and terminology used in preparing the Zoning map. This presupposes a prior knowledge of the details of the Zoning map for drafting the corresponding Zoning Law.
Q.9. How would people know about zoning restrictions?
Ans. A set of related zoning laws and regulations have to be scanned and made easy for people in general, and the enforcement authority in particular, to follow for avoiding future litigation or reversal of executive decision by courts of law.
Q.10. How would the Zoning law Cope with Changing Demographic Scenario?
Ans. The rapidly increasing population of the country, coupled with globalization fallout, poses a serious challenge to whatever land Zoning would be done. So, the study has to come out with institutional arrangements for constant monitoring through strategic (as against operational) management of the land zoning and the law thereof.
Q.11. How would the process of consultation for the zoning law and the VIA be conducted?
Stakeholder consultation held conjointly with that of the land Zoning;
Contracting out social survey of public opinion on legal issues like enforcement, penalty, violation etc.;
Presenting the drafts to workshops in six Divisional headquarters before presenting them to a National seminar/workshop;
Focus group discussion with particularly the professionals and persons with special knowledge on the subject;
Seek opinion, information through internet;
Reality check in South, South East Asia and Pacific Rim countries with similar laws;
Focus on confidence building measures for enforcement of the law.
Q.12. Who would be responsible for enforcing the laws?
Ans. The zoning laws would be enacted by the Jatiyo Sangsad, but their enforcement should be the responsibility of the Local Government Institution slike the Pourasava, the Zila, the Upazila and the Union Parishad.
Q.13. Who is the member of Technical Support Group (TSG)?
Ans. A Technical Support Group (TSG) with representatives from the following government and non-government organizations was formed to contribute and participate in formulating the project activities and ensure successful implementation.
• Project Director/ Team Leader, Costal Land Zoning Project;
• Bangladesh Water Development Board(BWDB);
• Local Government Engineering Department (LGED);
• Water Resources Planning Organization (WARPO);
• Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC);
• Soil Resources Development Institute (SRDI);
• Department of Environment (DoE);
• Department of Fisheries (DoF);
• Forest Department (FD);
• Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE);
• Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO);
• Center for Environmental and Geographic Information Services (CEGIS);
• Center for Natural Resources Studies(CNRS);